The photo shows the President of Middlesbrough Erimus Rotary Club, standing, introducing the guest speaker Mr Bryan Sandforth seated on his right.
Bryan Sandford gave an excellent presentation on aspects of the Spice Road which included the impact of European rulers such as Henry VIII, Isabella, Ferdinand and Charles 1. The devastating impact of conquest on local populations such as by Christopher Columbus in the West Indies and the opening of the eastern routes by explorers such as Vasco Da Gama whose voyage to India in 1497 to 1499 was the first ocean route link between the Europe and the Orient. The Portuguese found the significant ocean routes but the Spanish found the gold. A very thought provoking journey into Tudor times when major European countries were vying for supremacy.